Photos show evidence of life on Mars

As scientists scramble to determine whether there is life on Mars, a researcher from Ohio University in US believes that there is evidence of insect-like creatures on the red planet.
Courtesy photographs from various Mars rovers, Professor Emeritus William Romoser’s research found numerous examples of insect-like forms, structured similarly to bees, as well as reptile-like forms, both as fossils and living creatures.
“There has been and still is life on Mars,” Romoser said, noting that the images appear to show both fossilised and living creatures.
“There is apparent diversity among the Martian insect-like fauna which display many features similar to Terran insects that are interpreted as advanced groups – for example, the presence of wings, wing flexion, agile gliding/flight, and variously structured leg elements,” Romoser added.

Romoser said that while the Martian rovers, particularly the Curiosity Rover, have been looking for indicators of organic activity, there are a number of photos which clearly depict the insect- and reptile-like forms.
Numerous photos show images where arthropod body segments, along with legs, antennae and wings, can be picked out from the surrounding area, and one even appears to show one of the insects in a steep dive before pulling up just before hitting the ground.
Individual images were carefully studied while varying photographic parameters such as brightness, contrast, saturation, inversion, and so on. No content was added, or removed.
Criteria used in Romoser’s research included: Dramatic departure from the surroundings, clarity of form, body symmetry, segmentation of body parts, repeating form, skeletal remains, and observation of forms in close proximity to one another.
Particular postures, evidence of motion, flight, apparent interaction as suggested by relative positions, and shiny eyes were taken to be consistent with the presence of living forms.
Once a clear image of a given form was identified and described, it was useful in facilitating recognition of other less clear, but none-the-less valid, images of the same basic form,” Romoser said. “
An exoskeleton and jointed appendages are sufficient to establish identification as an arthropod.
Three body regions, a single pair of antennae, and six legs are traditionally sufficient to establish identification as ‘insect’ on Earth.
These characteristics should likewise be valid to identify an organism on Mars as insect-like. On these bases, arthropodan, insect-like forms can be seen in the Mars rover photos.”
These creatures loosely resemble bumble bees or carpenter bees on Earth. Other images show these “bees” appearing to shelter or nest in caves. And others show a fossilized creature that resembles a snake.
“The presence of higher metazoan organisms on Mars implies the presence of nutrient/energy sources and processes, food chains and webs, and water as elements functioning in a viable, if extreme, ecological setting sufficient to sustain life,” Romoser said.
“The evidence of life on Mars presented here provides a strong basis for many additional important biological as well as social and political questions,” he added.
The study was presented at Entomological Society of America national meeting.

Python Measuring 13-feet Hid in China Spa Ceiling For 10 Years, Found After Falling Through Plasterboard .

Beijing, November 19: In an incident that can knock off the daylights out of anybody, a 13-feet and 42 pounds (19 kgs) python was found hiding in the plasterboard of a spa in China. The python was allegedly hiding in the ceiling of the spa for 10 years. When the owner of the snake found the python on the floor, he could barely contain the chiling effect as the mere sight of the reptile sent shivers down his spine. Rat Fighting Off a Snake In This Video is Shocking Yet Filled With Amazing Life Lessons.

The incident took place last week in China in an entertainment complex.

The spa is located in the Chancheng District of Foshan in southern China and belongs to the Guangdong Province, reported Guangdong Radio and TV portal. Snake in Toilet! Python Slithers into Indian-Style Commode; Mumbai Resident Faints After Spotting It.

The snake was rescued by the team which arrived within minutes of the call. The team measured the snake and it was found to be 13-feet-long. It also weighs 19 kilograms. The owner of the spa said that he had heard rumours about a large scale in the building 10 years ago when he came to the complex, but had never spotted it until this moment. Woman’s ‘Snake Stockings’ Mistaken for Real Snakes, Husband Beats Her with a Baseball Bat.

The rescue team caught the snake by switching off the lights and putting a cloth on it. The team grabbed the snake’s head and its body was then brought under control. The snake has been sent to a zoo. Experts said that the python could have lived off by eating snakes in the spa. However, it is almost sure that it must have come down every once in a while. Pythons have a life span of 25 years.

How To Improve Your Math Skills

How to improve your math skills

You need math, but you don’t have to struggle.

a blonde woman looking stressed out about math and surrounded by books

There’s a lot we learn that we instantly forget. In fact, depending on who you ask, up to 60 percent of high school goes straight into your mental recycling bin, and for quite a few of us, that includes our math skills.

Still, that doesn’t mean you can’t get those skills back. As adults, we handle mathematical problems every day: comparing prices, measuring cooking ingredients, and calculating the time it’ll take us to run several errands, to name a few. Some of those may have us thinking more than necessary, but it’s never too late to get better and faster at solving them. It just takes a little practice.

Practice, practice, practice

Several studies point out the benefits of being good at math. More “numerate” people tend to be healthier because they better understand how the numbers on their charts interact, and are more likely to use hard data to evaluate risk over anecdotal evidence and emotional appeals.

But that can be you, too. Scientists have shown that when it comes to improving your math skills, practice is what matters most

The best way to think about math is to search for patterns. “Mathematics is more about careful thinking than it is about speed,” explains Samuel Otten, a professor of mathematics education at the University of Missouri. “Asking good questions or making insightful observations should be just as important.”

So the question is: What type of math do you want to learn, and what do you want to get out of it?

A good foundation, Otten says, is to develop a “number sense,” or a grasp of how numbers relate to each other. For example, 525 – 496 might seem like an intimidating subtraction, but it’s close to a much more comfortable one: 525 – 500. You should know the answer to the latter equation is 25 and that the difference between 496 and 500 is four. Put 25 and 4 together and you’ve got the answer to the original problem

That line of reasoning can happen almost instantaneously in my mind,” Otten says. As you develop these connections with numbers, you’ll become more comfortable with them.

Nothing gets you closer to success than practice, so take all the real-life opportunities you get to flex your math muscles. Whenever you come across a numerical problem—like how much your lunch will cost, or how many miles you drive in a day—take a moment to try rounding things up or down to numbers you feel more comfortable with, and work it out. Having a way to check your work, like a calculator or, in the case of your mileage, an odometer, will help you catch errors.

The key is to focus on the process, not the solution, especially when you find you’ve made a mistake. Take the lunch example: If you add up the cost of each item and the final bill is a little higher than you expected, check your receipt to see if you forgot tax or transposed a number.